Piston Guide For LS Engines
General Motors has manufactured one of the most affordable, reliable, and advanced Engines i.e Chevy LS Engines. With several models of ls Engine manufacturing, the complexity of assembling parts and maintenance of cars has also increased. Each part of the engine is very valuable and needs proper understanding to build an engine. One such essential component of the engine is Piston. Here is a descriptive Piston Guide for LS Engines.
Table Of Content for Piston Guide for Ls Engines
- What is a Piston?
- Functioning of Piston
- Piston Components
- Attributes of a Piston
What is a Piston?
A piston is a basic component that converts heat energy into mechanical energy inside the engine. Piston consists of various components like piston skirt, crown, rings, wrist pin, etc that will be discussed later. A piston is cylindrical in shape and has attached to the connecting rods.
Functioning of Piston
A piston is a very useful and fundamental component of an engine. Its motive is to make the camshaft move in a rotation manner. Let’s see how the piston functions to power inside an engine.
- First of all, the piston that is moving up and down in a cylinder transfers the force of fuel-air mixed gases in the cylinder to the camshaft. It all happens through the connecting rods which lead the camshaft to move rotationally.
- A piston is also used to stop the leaking of high-pressure gases from the cylinder that may lead to the breakdown of other engine parts or even the whole engine.
- It helps to resist corrosion while combustion.
There are various components that are essential for the proper functioning of the piston. Let’s discuss some of the major components in detail.
A piston skirt is a cylindrical component attached at the bottom of the piston. It shows good lubricating and non-resistance properties as it is made of cast iron. It helps to overcome the forces on the sides generated by the connecting rods. Removal of a skirt from a piston can lead to piston slap and unusual noises from the car.
The piston crown is the head of the piston. It is the part that directly faces the gases during combustion. It is made up of alloys to resist the pistol from corrosion and act as a barrier to control damage to the piston from high temperature and pressure. The crown has some cavities in it for better combustion.
A Piston Rod or connecting rod consists of 3 parts. The small end, rod beam, and big end. A small end has attached to the piston through the piston pin. Road Beam is the central part that is responsible for lubrication in the cylinder walls. The Big end has linked to the crankshaft. The major function of a connecting rod is to provide rotational movement to the crankshaft.
Piston Ring is another major component of the piston. There are 3 rings in the piston. On the top of the piston, there is a compression ring that seals the combustion area. In the mid part, there is a scraper ring that helps to clear the oil from the walls o the cylinder as well as to seal off the combustion area. In the lower part, there is an oil control ring that removes unwanted extra oil from the cylinder.
Attributes of a Piston
There are several features of the piston. From the design of a piston to add new upgrades to it, Piston can be modified and manufactured according to your need. Here is a list of several qualities of Piston of Ls Engines:-
The shape of the piston contributes to the performance of the engine. As the piston needs to withstand high temperatures, the design should be very specific. A dome-shaped piston or simply known as a D-Shaped piston helps in creating a swirl of a mixture of fuel and air. It allows effective combustion inside the combustion chamber.
The piston is among those parts of an engine that withstands maximum temperature. The coating is essential to protect the piston from erosion. Coating adds a layer to the aluminum part of a piston. Not only the piston but other parts of the engine are also coated to protect them from excess heating.
With various models of LS Engines, the design of the piston has also changed with time. The best part is that you can customize the piston according to your need for the engine. You can change rod length, size, and designs according to your wish. You can also add new parts to the piston if you have any specific requirements.
Power pistons are the type of customized pistons in which pistons has designed to provide nitrous and boost to the engine. So, alloys can be used to resist erosion from high-temperature and pressure under such power. Also, a proper coating of alloy needs to be done to reduce the chances of any damage that may occur due to excess heating.
Use of Alloys
As we discussed above, alloys can be very helpful to resist high temperatures and can prevent the piston from erosion. Designing piston requires different types of alloys. It depends upon your need and requirements. If you are using a moderate booster or nitrous oxide to power up your engine, 4032 alloy is more than sufficient. But if you are using a heavy dose of a booster, 2618 alloy is best for you as it has high yield strength, tensile strength, and fatigue endurance.
Conclusion of Piston Guide for Ls Engines
Each component of the Ls Engine is important. A piston is among those parts of the engine that needs consistent monitoring and maintenance. As it needs to resist extreme temperatures during combustion. Unusual noises from the car are an indication of any issue with the piston. So, don’t avoid such noises as it may lead to engine damage if not repaired timely.
Hope you find complete information on the piston guide for Ls Engines.